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Languages by Country

Afghanistan Pushtu, Dari Persian, other Turkic and minor languages
Albania Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Algeria Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Andorra Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Angola Bantu, Portuguese (official)
Antigua and Barbuda English
Argentina Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
Armenia Armenian
Australia English
Austria German 98% (small Slovene, Croatian, and Hungarian-speaking minorities)
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani Turkic, Russian, Armenian
Bahamas English
Bahrain Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
Bangladesh Bangla (official), English
Barbados English
Belarus Belorussian (White Russian)
Belgium Dutch (Flemish); French; German; legally bilingual (Dutch and French)
Belize English (official), Creole, Spanish, Garifuna, Mayan
Benin French (official), African languages
Bhutan Dzongkha (official)
Bolivia Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)
Bosnia and Herzegovina The language that used to be known as Serbo-Croatian but is now known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the speaker’s ethnic and political affiliation. It is written in Latin and Cyrillic
Botswana English (official), Setswana
Brazil Portuguese
Brunei Darussalam Malay (official), Chinese, English
Bulgaria Bulgarian
Burkina Faso French (official), tribal languages
Burundi Kirundi and French (official), Swahili
Cambodia Khmer (official), French, English
Cameroon French and English (both official); 24 major African language groups
Canada English, French (both official)
Cape Verde Portuguese, Criuolo
Central African Republic French (official), Sangho, Arabic, Hansa, Swahili
Chad French and Arabic (official), more than 100 tribal languages
Chile Spanish
China Chinese, Mandarin, also local dialects
Colombia Spanish
Comoros French and Arabic (both official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)
Congo, Republic of French (official), Lingala, Kikongo, others
Congo, Democratic
French (official), Swahili, Lingala, Ishiluba, and Kikongo, others
Costa Rica Spanish
Côte d’Ivoire French (official) and African languages (Diaula esp.)
Croatia What was once known as Serbo-Croatian is now known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the speaker’s political and ethnic affiliation
Cuba Spanish
Cyprus Greek, Turkish (official), English is widely spoken
Czech Republic Czech; Slovak minority
Denmark Danish, Faeroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), small German-speaking minority
Djibouti Arabic and French (both official), Afar, Somali
Dominica English (official) and French patois
Dominican Republic Spanish, English widely spoken
East Timor Tetum, Portuguese (official), Bahasa Indonesia, English
Ecuador Spanish (official), Quechua
Egypt Arabic
El Salvador Spanish
Equatorial Guinea Spanish (official), French (2nd official), pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Creole
Eritrea Afar, Bilen, Kunama, Nara, Arabic, Tobedawi, Saho, Tigre, Tigrinya
Estonia Estonian (official), Russian, Finnish, English
Ethiopia Amharic (official), English, Orominga, Tigrigna, over 70 languages spoken
Fiji Fijian, Hindustani, English (official)
Finland Finnish, Swedish (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities
France French, declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican)
Gabon French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambia Native tongues, English (official)
Georgia Georgian (official); Russian; Armenian; Azerbaijani
Germany German
Ghana English (official), Native tongues (Brong Ahafo, Twi, Fanti, Ga, Ewe, Dagbani)
Greece Greek
Grenada English
Guatemala Spanish, Indian languages
Guinea French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese, Criolo, African languages
Guyana English (official), Amerindian dialects
Haiti Creole and French (both official)
Honduras Spanish (official), English widely spoken in business
Hungary Magyar (Hungarian), 98.2%; other, 1.8%
Iceland Icelandic
India Hindi (official), English (official), Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all recognized by the constitution). Dialects, 1,652
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia (official), Dutch, English, and more than 583 languages and dialects
Iran Farsi (Persian), Azari, Kurdish, Arabic
Iraq Arabic (official) and Kurdish
Ireland English, Irish Gaelic
Israel Hebrew (official), Arabic, English
Italy Italian; small German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities
Jamaica English, Jamaican Creole
Japan Japanese
Jordan Arabic (official), English
Kazakhstan Kazak (Qazaq), state language spoken by 64.4% of population; Russian, official language spoken by 95% of population and used in everyday business
Kenya English (official), Swahili (national), and several other languages spoken by 25 ethnic groups
Kiribati English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
Korea, North Korean
Korea, South Korean
Kuwait Arabic (official), English
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz (official); Russian is de facto second language of communication
Laos Lao (official), French, English
Latvia Latvian
Lebanon Arabic (official), French, English
Lesotho English and Sesotho (official); also Zulu and Xhosa
Liberia English (official) and tribal dialects
Libya Arabic, Italian and English widely understood in major cities
Liechtenstein German (official), Alemmanic dialect
Lithuania Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian
Luxembourg Luxermbourgish, French, German
Macedonia Macedonian (official), which uses the Cyrillic alphabet, Albanian (official), Turkish, other
Madagascar Malagasy and French (both official)
Malawi English and Chichewa (both official)
Malaysia Malay (official), Chinese, Tamil, English
Maldives Dhivehi (official); Arabic, Hindi, and English are also spoken
Mali French (official), African languages
Malta Maltese and English (both official)
Marshall Islands Both Marshallese and English are official languages. Marshallese is a language in the Malayo-Polynesian family
Mauritania Arabic and Wolof (official); French
Mauritius English, French (official); Creole, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori
Mexico Spanish, Indian languages
Micronesia English is the official and common language; major indigenous languages are Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, and Kosrean
Moldova Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Monaco French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque
Mongolia Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic, Russian, and Chinese
Morocco Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects, Spanish
Mozambique Portuguese (official), Bantu languages
Myanmar Burmese, minority languages
Namibia Afrikaans, German, English (official), several indigenous
Nauru Nauruan (official) and English
Nepal Nepali (official), Newari, Bhutia, Maithali
The Netherlands Dutch, Frisian
New Zealand English (official), Maori
Nicaragua Spanish
Niger French (official); Hausa; Songhai; Arabic
Nigeria English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, and more than 200 others
Norway Two official forms of Norwegian: Bokmål and Nynorsk
Oman Arabic (official); also English and Indian languages
Pakistan Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English, Burushaski, and others
Palau Palauan, English (official)
Palestinian State Arabic, Hebrew, English, French
Panama Spanish (official); many bilingual in English
Papua New Guinea English, Tok Pisin (a Melanesian Creole English), Hiri Motu, and 717 distinct native languages
Paraguay Spanish (official), Guaraní
Peru Spanish and Quéchua (both official), Aymara, and other native languages
The Philippines Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English (both official); regional languages: Tagalog, Ilocano, Cebuano, others
Poland Polish
Portugal Portuguese
Qatar Arabic (official); English is also widely spoken
Romania Romanian (official); Hungarian- and German-speaking minorities
Russia Russian, others
Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official)
St. Kitts and Nevis English
St. Lucia English (official) and patois
St. Vincent and
the Grenadines
English (official), French patois
Samoa Samoan and English
San Marino Italian
São Tomé and Príncipe Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Arabic, English widely spoken
Senegal French (official); Wolof, Serer, other ethnic dialects
Serbia and Montenegro Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%. What was once known as Serbo-Croatian is now known as Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian, depending on the speaker’s political and ethnic affiliation. It is written in Latin and Cyrillic
Seychelles English and French (both official), and Seselwa (a creole)
Sierra Leone English (official), Mende, Temne, Krio
Singapore Malay, Chinese (Mandarin), Tamil, English (all official)
Slovakia Slovak (official), Hungarian
Slovenia Slovenian; most can also speak Serbo-Croatian
Solomon Islands English, Solomon Pijin (an English pidgin), over 60 indigenous Melanesian languages
Somalia Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian
South Africa Xhosa and Zulu (official), English, Afrikaans, Ndebele, Sesotho sa Leboa, Sesotho, Swati, Xitsonga, Setswana, Tshivenda
Spain Castilian Spanish (official), Catalan, Galician, Basque
Sri Lanka Sinhala (official), Tamil, English
Sudan Arabic (official), English, tribal dialects
Suriname Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken
Swaziland English and Swazi (official)
Sweden Swedish
Switzerland German, French, Italian (all official), Romansch
Syria Arabic (official), French and English widely understood
Taiwan Chinese (Mandarin)
Tajikistan Tajik
Tanzania Swahili and English (both official), local languages
Thailand Thai (Siamese), Chinese, English
Togo French (official), Ewé, Mina (south), Kabyé, Cotocoli (north), and many dialects
Tonga Tongan (an Austronesian language), English
Trinidad and Tobago English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish
Tunisia Arabic (official), French
Turkey Turkish
Turkmenistan Turkmen, 72%; Russian, 12%; Uzbek, 9%
Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English
Uganda English (official), Swahili, Luganda, Ateso, Luo
Ukraine Ukrainian
United Arab Emirates Arabic (official), English as a second language
United Kingdom English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic
United States English, sizable Spanish-speaking minority
Uruguay Spanish
Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, other
Vanuatu Bislama (a Melanesian pidgin English), English, French (all 3 official)
Vatican City (Holy See) Latin, Italian, and various other languages
Venezuela Spanish (official), various indigenous languages in the remote interior
Vietnam Vietnamese (official), French, English, Khmer, Chinese
Western Sahara Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Yemen Arabic
Zambia English (official) and local dialects
Zimbabwe English (official), Ndebele, Shona (85%)